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Betula Jacquemontii - Bark and Foliage

Betula Jacquemontii

White Stem Birch Tree

Common Name: Himalayan Birch TreeLatin Name: Betula utiis var. 'Jacquemontii'Soil: Medium to wet soil.Position: Full sun to part shade. Flowering period/colour: April/MayHardiness: Fully hardyHeight and spread in 20 years: 9m/4mSpecial features: White bark and fine architectural shape. Catkins in spring. Golden leaf colour in autumn. Deciduous. Betula utiis var. 'Jacquemontii' is one of the most striking trees available in the garden design palatte, and is especially useful for smaller spaces. It is a variety of birch tree with a fine form and very white bark that almost glows white. The most striking example can be seen at Anglesey Abbey in Cambridgeshire where a stand of about 30 of the trees have been planted as a single feature. In this case the bark is especially white as it is cleaned regularly, for the most striking appearance possible. In addition to its fine bark, the tree boasts lovely autumn colour, with leaves turning golden before falling. Betula utiis var. 'Jacquemontii' is not a difficult tree to grow, preferring medium to wet soil, but also thriving in warmer, dryer climates. It is fully hardy in the UK and, like all birches, grows rapidly to early maturity. Birches are not long lived trees, compared, for example with the oak, but reach maturity very quickly, which is a great asset in the design of gardens which are intended for almost immediate appreciation. The final height of this variety is about 9m with a spread of 4m. Whilst stands of Betula Jacquemontii are particularly striking, this variety would be a fine statement tree in a smaller area or family garden, or even in a front garden that was large enough to accommodate the canopy width. The tree has separate male and female catkins, which both occur on the same tree.The plant is a native of the Himalayas where it was discovered by Joseph Hooker, and it was named after Victor Jacquemont; the French naturalist.

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Betula papyrifera - Young Bark

Betula papyrifera

Paper Birch Tree

Common Name: Paper Birch, Canoe Birch, White Birch. Latin Name: Betula papyriferaSoil: Medium moisture, well-drained. Acid, alkaline or neutral.Position: Full sun to part shade. Flowering period/colour: SpringHardiness: Fully hardy in the severest European climates (to below -20°C).Height and spread in 20-50 years: 12m/8mSpecial features: Attractive white bark and delicate green leaves. Catkins in spring. Leaves turn golden yellow autumn colour. Salt/Coastal Tolerant.This handsome birch is a fine specimen tree when sited in a large lawn. It grows to 12m or more in 20-50 years and has a large rounded or oval crown of mid-green delicate papery leaves. The leaves take on a golden yellow autumn colour before falling. The bark of this tree peels to reveal a pale orange underbark, and in maturity it develops black markings. The bark of this tree is traditionally used to make canoes and tepee coverings, as it is naturally waterproof and flexible, with a high oil content. This use gives rise to the name canoe birch.Pruning is generally not required, but can be carried out in the dormant winter season. Separate male and female catkins develop on the same tree in spring. The female catkins develop into dropping cone-like fruits. The Paper Birch is one of the only salt tolerant Birches and so can be grown easily in a coastal garden/environment. This species is native to North America, and has a strong preference for cooler northern climates like those found in Canada and Alaska, and so is ideally suited to growth in the UK. It makes a magnificent specimen tree when positioned in a sunny site and in a position to be viewed from a distance. It can also bring a real touch of elegance to deciduous woodland, where it will grow less rapidly and blend in more, due to the reduced access to sunlight. Betula papyrifera is naturally a pioneer species which spreads its seeds quickly and grows rapidly to maturity when sited in good soil and full sun.

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Betula pendula - Bark

Betula pendula

Silver Birch Tree

Common Name: Silver Birch TreeLatin Name: Betula pendulaSoil: Will grow in most soilsPosition: Full sun or partial shadeFlowering period/colour: March/Yellowy-brown male catkinsHardiness: Fully hardyHeight and spread in 20 years: 8m/3mSpecial features: White peeling bark. (Deciduous)Betula pendula is a graceful native tree, upright growing, the smaller branches becoming pendulous with age. The deciduous leaves are a diamond shape and hold a mid-green colour before turning yellow in autumn. Yellowy brown male catkins in appear in spring. White peeling bark which with age becomes ruggedly fissured and dark-grey, almost black, at the base. These trees are most effective when planted as a close group of 3 and they also make a good windbreak.The silver birch is an extremely popular tree which is widely planted for its highly ornamental white peeling bark. The ornamental bark gives this tree interest all year round, and it looks particularly effective in winter when the rest of the garden is dormant. In spring, diamond-shaped mid-green leaves appear on the upright branches, and at the same time yellow-brown male catkins hang from the tree. Autumn sees the leaves fade to yellow before falling, when they again reveal the beautiful bark. As this tree matures, the branches become more pendulous and the bark develops a real character and becomes deeply fissured and dark grey in colour.

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Betula Snow Queen - Bark

Betula Snow Queen

Snow Queen Birch Tree

Common Name: Snow Queen Birch Tree, Himalayan BirchLatin Name: Betula utilis 'Snow Queen' (Betula utilis var. jacquemontii 'Doorenbos')Soil: Moist but well drained soilPosition: Full sun or partial shadeFlowering period/colour: March/Yellowy-brown male catkinsHardiness: Fully hardyHeight and spread in 20 years: 8m/3mSpecial features: Brilliant white bark which develops earlier than other white stem varieties. Very reliable, hardy and attractive specimen Betula utilis 'Snow Queen' is a fast-growing, medium-sized tree with dazzling, white, peeling bark which appears pale orange when freshly exposed. As with all Birch trees, this tree will be a year round asset to your garden. In spring, vibrant yellow catkins appear amongst the fresh green foliage: the leaves are serrated at the edges and they make the perfect foil for the golden catkins. Come autumn, the leaves turn to deep shades of yellow and buttery bronze before falling. In winter, the true beauty of the bark can be appreciated, and the graceful skeleton of the tree can be fully admired.This tree will become a real feature of your garden and it works well as a garden specimen. Equally, the 'Snow Queen' looks effective when planted in a close group of three. If you want to have contrasting colours in your garden, we would recommend planting the ‘Snow Queen’ alongside ‘Betula Purpurea’, as the rich purple foliage would contrast beautifully with the greens and golds of the 'Snow Queen'.As this tree grows, it will form a narrowly pyramidal shape. The branches maintain their upright habit, meaning that this tree is suitable for the smaller garden. Another key benefit of this birch is the fact that the stunning bark develops on trees that are only three years old, so you don’t have to wait to enjoy the highly ornamental bark. Whilst this tree is somewhat delicate in its appearance, it is a highly robust and hardy tree that is well-suited to a range of locations and conditions.

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Ginkgo biloba - Foliage

Ginkgo biloba

Maidenhair Tree

Common Name: Maidenhair treeLatin Name: Ginkgo bilobaSoil: Any well-drained soilPosition: Full sunHardiness: Fully hardyFlowering period: SpringFlowering colour: Yellow catkins when mature Eventual height/spread: 15m/8mThe Ginkgo biloba is a Chinese native which dates back to over 200 million years ago which dates them back to a time before even dinosaurs roamed the plant. This tree is a deciduous conifer, which is an attribute to a very small number of trees. This tree boasts attractive two-lobed, fan-shaped leaves which are known for their exceptionally bright gold autumn colour. Male specimens have yellow catkins in spring, whereas the females have fruit. This majestic tree can be planted in isolation as a garden focal point; the Maidenhair also works as a companion to a Red Maple, as the burning autumn colours contrast beautifully. This tree will eventually become very tall, so ensure you plant it in a large garden away from any buildings. This hardy tree was just 2km away from the Hiroshima atomic bomb blast in 1945 and survived the attack; the affected trees are still growing to this day! Maidenhair trees are extremely long lived with the oldest recorded individuals being 3,500 years old! They have been widely used in Chinese and now in western medicine. The leaves are used in herbal remedies to treat Alzheimer's, Dementia and other diseases and cognitive ailments.

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Quercus ilex - Acorns

Quercus ilex

Holm Evergreen Oak Tree

The Holm or Evergreen Oak, Quercus ilex, is a resilient and versatile tree for larger garden spaces. Flourishing in well-drained, loamy soil and adaptable to full sun or partial shade, it features glossy evergreen foliage that retains its beauty year-round.During spring, the Evergreen Oak produces inconspicuous yellow-green flowers, adding subtle charm to your outdoor space. It also bears masses of lush, dark green glossy leaves with striking white wooly shoots and yellow catkins in early summer. Plus, the acorns that it produces attract local wildlife. 

This is a slow-growing, very attractive frost hardy tree that, with age, develops large rounded pendulous branches. As the tree matures it also develops beautiful fissured dark grey bark. It can be an ideal specimen tree or a great windbreak as a clipped hedge in coastal areas. Like other Oak Trees, it has a very long lifespan, with some living over 1000 years!Add a touch of greenery and resilience to your garden with this magnificent tree.Common Name: Holm or Evergreen OakLatin Name: Quercus ilexSoil: Most fertile, well drained soilsPosition: Full sun or partial shadeFlowering period/colour: Early summer/Yellow catkinsHardiness: Fully hardyHeight/spread in 20 years: 10m+/6m+Special features: A rounded, tree with lance-shaped, dark green leaves and attractive smooth dark grey bark. (Evergreen)

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Salix Chrysocoma - Foliage

Salix Chrysocoma

Golden Weeping Willow Tree

Salix 'Chrysocoma' or the 'Golden Weeping Willow' as it is also known, is a beautiful, weeping tree which features golden-green leaves and golden bark. The 'Chrysocoma' is a tree that is simply iconic: it is a prominent feature of the British landscape and its gracefully arching branches can be seen draping over rivers up and down the county. This tree features a mass of weeping golden-yellow branches, which form a wonderful dome shape and are covered in swathes of golden-green leaves. The leaves make the most delightful rustling sound when they get hit by a breeze. Yellow catkins appear in April and add further interest to this majestic tree. This highly ornamental tree is also of interest in winter when its rugged golden bark and weeping skeleton are unveiled as the leaves fall. This makes a great structural tree and is also works well as a screening tree. A truly beautiful weeping tree which will become a real asset to your garden.In terms of a planting partner, we think this tree looks great with the striking red colours of the Liquidambar Worplesdon: the vivid autumn colour of the Liquidambar contrasts beautifully with the Salix Chrysocoma. Common Name: Golden Weeping WillowLatin Name: Salix x sepulcralis var. 'Chrysocoma'Soil: Any deep, moist but well-drained soilPosition: Full sunFlowering period/colour: April/both male and female flowers on the same slender catkins.Hardiness: Fully hardyHeight/spread in 20 years: 8m/7mSpecial features: Very attractive with a cascade of yellow slender branches that sweep to the ground.

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Curly Locks

Salix Curly Locks

Pussy Willow Tree

Common Name: Pussy Willow Tree Latin Name: Salix caprea 'Curly Locks'Soil: Any deep, moist soilPosition: Full sunFlowering period/colour: April to May/ Slender white, then yellow catkinsHardiness: Fully hardyEventual height/spread: 2.5m/ 1.5mSpecial features: A beautiful structural tree with its twisting branches and weeping habit. The 'Curly Locks' is a visual delight for any garden, but it’s particularly useful for a smaller garden due to its compact height and spread. This unique tree has so much to offer and its most interesting feature is its contorted branches: the branches are red-orange in colour and they twist outwards and downwards in all directions. The branches hold mid-green curly leaves that are serrated at their edges. Just before the leaves arrive, the small catkins, which first emerge white and mature to yellow, hang from the branches: the fluffy catkins give this tree its common name of 'pussy willow'. Come autumn the leaves turn to shades or orange and brown before falling. 'Curly Locks' is a unique tree which is perfect for the smaller garden: it is great for structural planting and its compact size makes it an ideal choice for a sunny border where space is restricted. Plant this alongside another compact, weeping tree, like the Prunus x subhirtella 'Pendula Rubra', as the two weeping trees will sit together beautifully, yet give you a good contrast too.

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